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Spanish

From The Language Wiki

Spanish, natively EspaƱol, is a Latin derived Romance language of the Indo-European language family. It is spoken in the Iberian Peninsula, Latin America, and other former Spanish colonies.

Sounds[edit | edit source]

Main article: Spanish Sounds. Also see: International Phonetic Alphabet

Dialects[edit | edit source]

Origins[edit | edit source]

The origins of the Spanish language can be traced back to the end of the Roman Empire in the 5th century. The Iberian Peninsula was inhabited by a variety of indigenous peoples, including the Celts, Iberians, and Basques. These peoples spoke a variety of languages, including Gaelic, Basque, and a variety of Romance dialects.

In 711, the Arab and Berber armies of North Africa invaded and conquered the Iberian Peninsula, bringing with them the Arabic language and culture. This period of Muslim rule, known as the Al-Andalus period, lasted over seven centuries and had a profound impact on the development of the Spanish language.

During this time, the Arabic language replaced many of the indigenous languages, and Arabic words and phrases were adopted into the Spanish language. Many of these words are still used in modern Spanish, such as "arroz" (rice), "aceituna" (olives), and "azul" (blue).

In the 13th and 14th centuries, the Spanish kingdoms of Castile and Aragon started to emerge as major political and cultural centers of the Iberian Peninsula. During this time, the Castilian dialect of Spanish became the dominant dialect, and it eventually became the official language of the Spanish court.

The Spanish language continued to evolve and spread throughout the world during the Age of Exploration in the 15th and 16th centuries. Spanish explorers and colonizers brought the language to the Americas, where it mixed with indigenous languages to create what is now known as Latin American Spanish.